Z: Why vis?

Node: Visualizations re-represent structures

Descriptor Rerepresentation
Argumentative standpoint Cognition
Description

Consulting visualizations viewers find other representations of a problem which might make its solution more obvious or accessible. Replacing mental models is facilitated by interacting with alternative external representations.

Last updated 3 years, 3 months ago (June 22, 2018) by Streeb, Dirk

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Publications (22)

S. M. Kosslyn 1989 Understanding Charts and Graphs 0 1 0 13 0
M. Scaife and Y. Rogers 1996 External Cognition: How do Graphical Representations Work? 0 0 1 4 0
S. K. Card, J. D. Mackinlay and B. Shneiderman 1999 Readings in Information Visualization – Using Vision to Think 0 1 1 18 4
J. J. Thomas 2005 Illuminating the Path: The Research and Development Agenda for Visual Analytics 0 1 0 13 0
R. Spence 2007[2001] Information visualization: Design for interaction 0 1 0 10 1
Z. Liu, N. J. Nersessian and J. T. Stasko 2008 Distributed Cognition as a Theoretical Framework for Information Visualization 0 0 1 8 0
J. Fekete et al. 2008 The Value of Information Visualization 0 0 1 12 0
P. Hanrahan 2009 Systems of Thought 0 0 1 9 0
D. Kirsh 2010 Thinking with External Representations 0 0 1 19 1
D. C. Gooding 2010 Visualizing Scientific Inference 0 0 1 21 0
W. Aigner 2011 Understanding the Role and Value of Interaction: First Steps 0 0 1 4 2
B. Tversky 2011 Visualizing Thought 0 0 1 36 0
R. Arias-Hernández, T. M. Green and B. D. Fisher 2012 From Cognitive Amplifiers to Cognitive Prostheses: Understandings of the Material Basis of Cognition in Visual Analytics 0 0 1 4 1
W. Gaissmaier et al. 2012 Numbers Can Be Worth a Thousand Pictures: Individual Differences in Understanding Graphical and Numerical Representations of Health-Related Information 0 1 1 8 0
W. Dou et al. 2012 Toward a Deeper Understanding of the Relationship between Interaction Constraints and Visual Isomorphs 0 0 2 18 0
A. Gelman and A. Unwin 2013 Infovis and Statistical Graphics: Different Goals, Different Looks 0 0 1 21 2
P. Parsons and K. Sedig 2014 Adjustable Properties of Visual Representations: Improving the Quality of Human-Information Interaction 0 0 1 9 3
M. Sirota, L. Kostovičová and M. Juanchich 2014 The Effect of Iconicity of Visual Displays on Statistical Reasoning: Evidence in Favor of the Null Hypothesis 0 0 1 3 1
S. Krämer 2014 Zur Grammatik der Diagrammatik 0 0 1 15 0
M. Chen and A. Golan 2016 What May Visualization Processes Optimize? 0 0 1 10 0
S. Tremblay et al. 2017 A cognitive prosthesis for complex decision-making 0 0 1 12 0
B. Alper et al. 2017 Visualization Literacy at Elementary School 0 0 1 10 0
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Streeb, Dirk: S. M. Kosslyn [1989]: Understanding Charts and Graphs doi:10.1002/acp.2350030302 - 09.07.20 06:59 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 192 Furthermore, knowledge of the task at hand can have important consequences: if the initial organization of the display does not help one to interpret the display, knowledge of the task can lead one to consciously reorganize the pattern, using information in long-term memory to reconstrue the stimulus—which in turn leads to a new attempt to interpret the pattern against other stored information.
Streeb, Dirk: W. Aigner [2011]: Understanding the Role and Value of Interaction: First Steps isbn:978-3-905673-82-1 - 18.03.18 12:33 (+) Positive One or more sentences sec. 3.1 However, while the benefits of being able to change one’s view are often stated, there is hardly ever an explanation of what these benefits actually are as well as how and why they work.
Streeb, Dirk: D. Kirsh [2010]: Thinking with External Representations doi:10.1007/s00146-010-0272-8 - 12.03.18 12:35 (+) Positive One or more paragraphs p. 449 Much external activity can be interpreted as converting expressions into more explicit formulations, which in turn makes it easier to ‘grasp’ the content they encode.
Streeb, Dirk: D. Kirsh [2010]: Thinking with External Representations doi:10.1007/s00146-010-0272-8 - 12.03.18 12:35 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 444 How information is encoded, both inside and outside in virtue of interaction. Because there is an external structure present, subjects can try out different internal and external representational forms, the two forms can play off each other in an interactive manner, leading to new insights.
Streeb, Dirk: R. Arias-Hernández, T. M. Green and B. D. Fisher [2012]: From Cognitive Amplifiers to Cognitive Prostheses: Understandings of the Material Basis of Cognition in Visual Analytics doi:10.1179/0308018812Z.0000000001 - 10.03.18 11:53 (+) Positive One or more paragraphs p. 10 When we use cognitive artefacts such as pencil and paper, maps or other visual representations, our internal working memory does not increase, nor does the speed of our internal computational processes. Rather, it is the nature of the task at hand that changes.
Streeb, Dirk: P. Parsons and K. Sedig [2014]: Adjustable Properties of Visual Representations: Improving the Quality of Human-Information Interaction doi:10.1002/asi.23002 - 08.03.18 14:09 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 470 For example, when trying to solve a problem, changing the representational form of the information space can sometimes trigger apprehension of a solution.
Streeb, Dirk: P. Parsons and K. Sedig [2014]: Adjustable Properties of Visual Representations: Improving the Quality of Human-Information Interaction doi:10.1002/asi.23002 - 08.03.18 14:09 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 465 Indeed, studies have shown that adjusting the configuration of information representations has a significant positive effect on the performance of cognitive activities.
Streeb, Dirk: J. J. Thomas [2005]: Illuminating the Path: The Research and Development Agenda for Visual Analytics isbn:0-7695-2323-4 - 08.03.18 09:07 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 86 Different representations of the same object may be needed at different levels of detail, depending on the importance of that object for the given task.
Streeb, Dirk: M. Chen and A. Golan [2016]: What May Visualization Processes Optimize? doi:10.1109/TVCG.2015.2513410 - 04.03.18 10:31 (+) Positive One or more sentences sec. 1 …visualization enables transformation of information from one representation to another.
Streeb, Dirk: Z. Liu, N. J. Nersessian and J. T. Stasko [2008]: Distributed Cognition as a Theoretical Framework for Information Visualization doi:10.1109/TVCG.2008.121 - 02.03.18 08:41 (+) Positive One or more paragraphs sec. 5 The role of representation in cognitive tasks has been extensively studied in cognitive science.
Streeb, Dirk: Z. Liu, N. J. Nersessian and J. T. Stasko [2008]: Distributed Cognition as a Theoretical Framework for Information Visualization doi:10.1109/TVCG.2008.121 - 02.03.18 08:41 (+) Positive One or more sentences sec. 2 Hutchins puts it this way: “tools permit us to transform difficult tasks into ones that can be done by pattern matching, by the manipulation of simple physical systems, or by mental simulations of manipulations of simple physical systems. Tools are useful precisely because the cognitive processes required to manipulate them are not the computational processes accomplished by their manipulation.”
Streeb, Dirk: A. Gelman and A. Unwin [2013]: Infovis and Statistical Graphics: Different Goals, Different Looks doi:10.1080/10618600.2012.761137 - 27.02.18 16:15 (+) Positive Less than a sentence p. 4 Exploratory graphics are all about speed and flexibility and alternative views.
Streeb, Dirk: J. Fekete et al. [2008]: The Value of Information Visualization doi:10.1007/978-3-540-70956-5_1 - 26.02.18 12:44 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 6 …it is vital to match the representation used in a visualization to the task it is addressing
Streeb, Dirk: S. K. Card, J. D. Mackinlay and B. Shneiderman [1999]: Readings in Information Visualization – Using Vision to Think isbn:978-1-55860-533-6 - 06.02.18 12:59 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 5 The diagram illustrates how the right representation of a problem, often the right visual representation, can make a problematic decision obvious.
Streeb, Dirk: R. Spence [2007[2001]]: Information visualization: Design for interaction isbn:978-0-12-206550-4 - 05.02.18 10:30 (+) Positive One or more sentences p. 6
Streeb, Dirk: M. Sirota, L. Kostovičová and M. Juanchich [2014]: The Effect of Iconicity of Visual Displays on Statistical Reasoning: Evidence in Favor of the Null Hypothesis doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0555-4 - 31.01.18 10:01 (+) Positive One or more subsections p. 966 Therefore, the visual facilitation occurred here, most likely, due to appreciation of the nested-sets structure depicted in the visual displays…
Streeb, Dirk: M. Scaife and Y. Rogers [1996]: External Cognition: How do Graphical Representations Work? doi:10.1006/ijhc.1996.0048 - 26.01.18 08:34 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: S. Tremblay et al. [2017]: A cognitive prosthesis for complex decision-making doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.009 - 25.01.18 15:49 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: B. Tversky [2011]: Visualizing Thought doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2010.01113.x - 25.01.18 15:25 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: W. Dou et al. [2012]: Toward a Deeper Understanding of the Relationship between Interaction Constraints and Visual Isomorphs doi:10.1177/1473871611433712 - 25.01.18 15:15 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: P. Hanrahan [2009]: Systems of Thought - 25.01.18 15:11 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: W. Gaissmaier et al. [2012]: Numbers Can Be Worth a Thousand Pictures: Individual Differences in Understanding Graphical and Numerical Representations of Health-Related Information doi:10.1037/a0024850 - 25.01.18 15:06 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: B. Alper et al. [2017]: Visualization Literacy at Elementary School doi:10.1145/3025453.3025877 - 25.01.18 13:54 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: D. C. Gooding [2010]: Visualizing Scientific Inference doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01048.x - 25.01.18 09:22 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: S. Krämer [2014]: Zur Grammatik der Diagrammatik doi:10.1007/BF03379712 - 24.01.18 12:17 (+) Positive
Streeb, Dirk: W. Dou et al. [2012]: Toward a Deeper Understanding of the Relationship between Interaction Constraints and Visual Isomorphs doi:10.1177/1473871611433712 - 24.01.18 08:03 (+) Positive
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